A- Prison hay the prison
Hãy so sánh những tình huống sau:
|This man is in prison. He went to prison two years ago.||The young woman is in the prison. She has gone to the prison to visit her father.|
|Chúng ta không dùng the khi chúng ta đang nói về việc đang ở trong tù với tư cách là tù nhân.
Sau đây là một số ví dụ khác với các tòa nhà khác.
|Chúng ta dùng the khi chúng ta đề cập đến nhà tù dưới dạng một tòa nhà cụ thể. Người phụ nữ trẻ đang ở trong tù với tư cách là người đi thăm nuôi.|
|School is over at half past three. (= school activities)
Vicky is at college. (She is a student there.)
David is in hospital. (He is a patient.)
Melanie is going to church. (She is going to a service.)
The school is a mile from here. (= the school building)
The meeting was at the college. (= the college building)
Melanie waited in the hospital for news. (= the hospital building)
We wanted to look round the church, but it was locked. (= the church building)
Chúng ta cũng có thể dùng jail và university bằng cách này. Nhưng chúng ta không bỏ the trước các danh từ khác chỉ các tòa nhà, ví dụ the cinema, the factory, the house, the library, the office, the pub, the shop, the station
B- Bed, home, etc
Sau đây là một số cụm từ với các danh từ khác.
|bed:||in bed, go to bed (to rest or sleep)||sit on the bed, make the bed|
|home:||at home, go home, come home, leave home||in the house, to the house, in the home|
|at sea (= sailing)
go to sea (as a sailor)
|on the sea, by the sea, at / to the seaside,
on / to the coast
|town:||in town, go into town, leave town||the town centre, the city, the village|
|work:||at work, go to work, leave work||the office, the factory|
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I) Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây với các từ trong ngoặc. Hãy quyết định xem có cần thêm the hay không.
|The four members of the gang were sent to prison (prison). Their wives drove together to the prison (prison) every week to visit their husbands.|
|1||Not many people go to ……. (church) regularly nowadays. I saw some tourists walking to …… (church) last week, but they only wanted to take photos of it.|
|2||A group of people came out of ……. (cinema), crossed the road and went into …….. (pub).|
|3||When my father was ill and had to go to …….. (hospital), my sister went with him in the ambulance. She’s a doctor, and she works at ……. (hospital).|
Mark has always known what he wanted to do in life. After leaving …….. (school), he took a course in business studies at ……. (college).
II) Hoàn thành đoạn văn sau từ một bài báo trên tạp chí nói về Melissa Livingstone. Sử dụng các từ có hoặc không có the.
Today Melissa Livingstone is a popular actress and star of the TV soap opera ‘Round the Corner’. But as a child she was very unhappy. She didn’t do well at school (school), and she never went to (1) ……. (college). Her greatest pleasure was going to (2) …… (cinema). Her family lived in an unattractive town and their home was next to (3) …… (station). Melissa’s father, Tom, was a sailor, and he spent months at (4) ……(sea). He was hardly ever at (5) …… (home) and when he was, he didn’t do very much. Sometimes he spent all day in (6) ……. (bed). Melissa’s mother, Susan, had to get up at five o’clock every day to go to (7) …… (work). When Tom lost his job he stole a gold cup from (8) …….. (church) Susan used to go to. He had to go to (9) ……. (prison) for a year. Melissa’s mother was horrified at the shame he had brought on the family.
III) Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây. Dùng in, at hoặc to và các từ sau: bed, church, college, factory, home, hospital, library, prison, shop, town, work
Xác định xem có cần thêm the hay không.
|We’ll eat out tonight. I’ll meet you in town later.|
|This sweater was cheap. I bought it at the shop by the railway station.|
|1||The weather was awful. We stayed ……… all weekend.|
|2||Melanie had an early night last night. She was ……. at ten.|
|3||Emma’s friend has just had a baby. Emma is going …….. to visit her.|
|4||Vicky’s parents are religious. They go ………… every Sunday.|
|5||Laura doesn’t like her job. She just goes ……. to earn some money.|
|6||I’ve read these books. I’m taking them back ………..|
|7||The man who did the robbery is no longer ……….. He was let out last month.|
|8||Jessica is a student. She’s ………………….|
|9||It’s very quiet …………… when they’ve turned all the machines off.|
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1) church, the church
2) the cinema, the pub
3) hospital (In American English: the hospital), the hospital
4) school, college
2) the cinema
3) the station
8) the church
1) at home
2) in bed
3) to the hospital
4) to church
5) to work
6) to the library
7) in prison
8) at college
9) in the factory